Indo-European Table with Slavic, Baltic, Greek, Latin, Tocharian, Anatolian, Gaelic, Latin, Italian, French & Etruscan Indo-European Table 1, Etruscan Vocabulary, Etruscan Phrases, with Indo-European cognates
06.23.2020 Etruscan etymological relationships to other Indo-European languages; Proto-Indo-European (PIE):

Indo-European Table 1, Part 7

by Mel Copeland

(from a work published in 1981)


 by Mel Copeland

(from a work published in 1981)

Table 1, Section 1C: Indo-European words as they relate to Etruscan. Notes: *Armenian W = West Armenian; E = East Armenian.


Avestan, Persian, Georgian, Hurrian, Akkadian

Slavic, Baltic, Romanian,

Greek, Armenian*, Albanian, Basque





arhati, please, prīṇāti or prīṇayati, to please, delight,  to please, gladden,
rejoice, delight in, wish to please or
propitiate; daks,
daksati, -te
, to
satisfy, please, be able or strong; chad & chand, chantti, chandati, chadayati (te), to seem, appear, please

zaosha [-], agreement, wish (Avestan)
خوش delighted, pleased, khvshhal, خوشحال  pleased,  movfeqat kardan, موافقت كردن to agree, consent, follow,  sxgr sodan, سازگار بودن, to agree, accord  (Persian)

, gtkhovt, to please (Georgian)

-, glad, to rejoice,
piṣu=e, pleasure, piṣu-ə, pleasure, joy (Urartian)
, pleased, glad, to rejoice,
an-, to be pleased (Hurrian)

gamālu, to please, save, to spare, to come to an agreement, maḫāru, to please, correspond in size, be in agreement, be equal, to pray to a deity, etc., naāu, to be pleasing, in good health, prosper, to be rich, napard, to become pleased, joyous, cheerful, cheer up, cheerful, to become Illuminated, bright, brighten, illuminate, to make to make clear, explicit,   ṭābu, to please, to make pleasing, good, sound, sweet, satisfy, to heal, make healthy, to improve, prepare, sweet, to refine, to make  happy, to repair, tarāṣu, pleasing,  to be honest, proper, to manage, etc.,  (Akkadian)

dahadzić, to please (Belarusian)
zadovoljiti, to please (Croatian),
prosze, to please

lūgt, to please (Latvian)
a multumi, to please, PLAC, please, I am pleased (Romanian)
miellytt, to please (Finnish-Uralic)

για να ευχαριστήσει, gia na efcharistsei, to please, προσφέρω, prosfero, I offer (Greek)
το խնդրեմ, to khndrem, to please (Armenian)

pr t knaqur, Ju lutem, to please, plqej,  like (Albanian)

mesedez, laket izan, to please (Basque)

placeo-ere-ui and
itus, um, itum

le do thoil, to please (Irish)

gu thoil, to please (Scott)
i blesio, plesio, to please;  boddio, to please, satisfy, gratify, humor;
placere, to please (Italian)
plaire, to please (French)

cicr (adj.)  [B ccare, cicare], pleasant, lovely, delightful, [B, wīna], pleasure, A/B plāk, agreed, to be agreed on,  (Tocharian)

tuskruant, glad, happy, tali, pleasant,
tallies, talies, to be pleasant, sanezziahh, sanetsiah, pleasant, to make pleasant,  ssanezzies, anetsies, to become pleasant, sanetsisanitsi,
pleasant, tasty, outstanding, excellent, first-class, fragrant,
assu- (SIG5), pleasant, good, agreeable (Hittite)

to please, [<Lat. placere], be
agreeable, [<OFr. agreer]


plak, Script Q351

samaḥ, plain, level, carpata, adj., flat; prastirna, adj., spread, extended, flat

paxt, hamvr, adj., flat, hamvr, هموار هموار flat, horizontal, even, sf,  صاف flat, even, broad, phanydan, پهنیدن  to flatten, expand  (Persian)

ბინა bina, flat (Georgian)

labnu, flat, shallow (Akkadian)

кватэра, kvatera, flat (Belarusian)
, flat (Croatian)

, plasko
flat (Polish)
plakans, flat (Latvian) aplatiza, flatten, plane, flat,  flat-u, flat- was used for old Rom. (Romanian)
tasainen, flat (Finnish-Uralic)