Indo-European Table with Slavic, Baltic, Greek, Latin, Tocharian, Anatolian, Gaelic, Latin, Italian, French & Etruscan Indo-European Table 1, Etruscan vocabulary, with Indo-European cognates
05.26.2021 Etruscan etymological relationships to other Indo-European languages






Etruscan_Phrases
Indo-European Table 1, Part 8

 by Mel Copeland
(from a work published in 1981)






Table 1, Section 1C.1: Indo-European words as they relate to Etruscan. Notes: *Armenian W = West Armenian; E = East Armenian.

Sanskrit
Avestan, Persian, Georgian, Hurrian, Akkadian
Slavic, Baltic, Romanian,
Finnish-Uralic
Greek, Armenian, Albanian, Basque
Latin
other
English
Etruscan



rājakīya, royal, belonging to a king or queen, ādhipatyam, authority, power, rājyam; viṣayāḥ, kingdom, country
xshi [-], to rule, govern, ahu [-], lord (Avestan)
saltanati, سلطنتی  royal, padshahy,   پادشاهی, kingdom (Persian)
სამეფო,
samepo, royal, kingdom (Georgian)

ever-ni, king, lord,
šarri, šarr-a-šše, king (Hurriab)


kussû, royal property and service, throne, exta, a feature of the exta, rule, dominion, chair, sedan chair, name of a month, saddle, part of a chariot or a plow, kussû, in bīt kussi, royal property (real estate), royal service, ituru, royal standard, karallu, a term for happiness (Akkadian)








каралеўскі,
karalieŭski, royal, каралеўства, karalieŭstva, kingdom (Belarusian)
kraljevski, royal,
kraljevina, kingdom, realm (Croatian)
królewski, royal, Królestwo, kingdom, realm (Polish)
karaliskais, royal, karaliste, kingdom, realm (Latvian)
regal, royal (Romanian)
kuninkaallinen, royal, kuningaskunta, kingdom (Finnish-Uralic)

βασιλικός,
vasilikós, royal,
Βασίλειο, Vasíleio, kingdom, realm (Greek)
արքունիք,
ark’unik’, royal, Թագավորություն, T’agavorut’yun, kingdom, realm, reign (Armenian)
mbretëror, royal, mbretëri, kingdom, realm (Albanian)

errege, royal, erresuma, kingdom (Basque)


regalis, regius-a-um,
of a king, royal, regal, splendid,
regno-are-avi- atum,  to be king, rule, be supreme,
regnum-i, kingdom, kingship, domain


ríoga, royal, Ríocht, kingdom (Irish)
rìoghail, royal, rìoghachd, kingdom (Scott)
brenhinol, royal,
deyrnas, teyrnas, kingdom(Welsh)
reale,
royal, regno, kingdom, reign, realm  (Italian)
royal, adj. royal,
réel, adj. real,

Royaume, kingdom, realm (French)


imtiyaz, royalty, kraliyet, royalty, kingdom (Turkish)
роялти, royaltï, royalty, патшалық, patşalıq, kingdom, корольдік, koroldik, royal,   (Kazakh)
qirol hokimiyati, royalty, royalti, royalty, qirollik, royal, shohona, royal, princely, queenly, (Uzbek)
роялти, rojalti, royalty, шоҳона, şohona, royal, салтанат, saltanat, kingdom, (Tajik)
роялти, royalti, royalty, падышанын,
padışanın, royal,
падышачылык, padışaçılık, kingdom (Kyrgyz)
нөөц ашигласны төлбөр, nööts ashiglasny tölbör, royalty, хааны, khaany, royal, хаант улс, vant uls, kingdom (Mongolian)
版稅, Bǎnshuì, royalty, 皇族, Huángzú, royal, 王国,Wángguó, kingdom (Traditional Chinese)

kākmärtune, rulership, sovereingnty, A,B, Walo, king (Tocharian)

xntawati(ye, royal, of the ruler, xntawata, xñtawata-: A xñtawatã, L xñtawata, G adj. L xñtawatahi/ kingship,

xñtawat(i)-: N/D xñtawati, AblI xñtawatedi,

G adj. N/Npl. xñtawatehi, Ntpl. xñtawataha, king

(Lycian)
xñtabaime/i-: DL xñtabaimi, ruling, xñtaba-: A xñtabã/xñtabu, G adj. xñtabasi; xñtawaza-: N xñtawaza, kingship (Mylian)

saladr/salan, rulership, kingship, greatness, hantawadi, royal, hasuetsi, royal status, hasuetsna, royalty,
hassuiznāi- (LUGAL-uiznāi-), hassuwāi-, (LUGAL-uwāi-), to govern as king, hantawahit, kingdom, hantawadahit , kingship, hassueznae, to be king, hassuezziie/a, hassuuezziie/a, hassue, to become king  (Hittite)

real [<Lat. realis], royal, realm, [<Lat. regimen, goverment] kingship, kingdom, [<OE cyning, king]

8-1


rial, Script AM-9, AR-4
rials, Script BS-19

See also,
7-56:
rek, Script Q500,
R542, R546
rekin (REKYN), Script XS-1

regl (REbL), Script Q534, Q661, Q726, R22;
regle (REbLE), Script Q784, Q805
reglo (REbLV)
Script Q754

See also,
8-17:

roi (RVI) Script Z606, Z1161, Z1310, Z1334, Z1386, Z1578, Z1780, TC28, TC179, AT-10, L31, AM-3; MS-1, AF19, AM-3, FR-2, L17, RA-4, PQ-10
roial (RVIAL) Script AT-10?
rois (RVIS), Script Z1623, BT-10
roim (RVIM), Script Z1243





dhanin, rich, nabābaḥ,
bhogapatiḥ a rich man, sudhana, adj., very rich; tilvila, adj., fertile, rich;
puruvasu, adj., rich in goods.












servatmand, ثروتمند rich, wealthy, ghany, غنی,  adj., rich, sarvatmand, ثروتمند, rich, abundant, wealthy, puldâr, پولدار,  rich, wealthy, prosperous, well-to-do, fravany,  فراوانی, abundance, plenty, wealth, khosh,خوش happy (Persian)
მდიდარი,

mdidari, rich, ბედნიერი,
simravle, abundance, bednieri, happy (Georgian)

kubuttû, rich gift, abundance, abundan, kabātu, rich, to become painful, to honor a person, honored, to give honor, to be honored,etc., mašrītu, riches, maš, riches, prosperity, wealth, a descriptive name of the date palm, of Sirius, of excrement, šarûtu, wealth, lalû, riches, wealth, wish, desire, happiness, desirability, prime of life, pleasant appearance, charms (of a woman or man), luxury objects, sumptuous decoration, abundant vegetation, ḫadīš, joyfully, adj., ḫabāṣu, happiness, karallu, a term for happines, udû or ḫūdu, happiness, joy, lullû, hapiness, to provide with happiness, ḫaddû, adj., happy, lalā, happy, luxeriant, adû, happy person, adû, happyto be happy (Akkadian)


багатыя, bahatyja, rich, багацце, bahaccie, abundance, шчаслівы, ščaslivy, happy (Belarusian)
bogat, rich, obilje, abundance, sretan, happy (Croatian)
bogaty, rich,
obfitość, abundance, szczęśliwy, happy (Polish)
bagāts, rich, pārpilnība, abundance, laimīgs, happy (Latvian)
bogat, rich,
abundenţă, abundance, fericit, happy (Romanian)
rikas, rich, runsaus, richness, oppulence, abundance, onnellinen, iloinen, happy (Finnish-Uralic)


πλούσιος, ploúsios, rich, πλούτος ploutos, wealth, riches, opulence,
περιουσία,
periousia, wealth, αφθονία, afthonía, abundance, χαρούμενος, charoúmenos, happy ευτυχής, eftychís, happy, felicitous (Greek)
հարուստ,  harust, rich, առատություն, arratut’yun, abundance, երջանիկ, yerjanik, happy (Armenian)
i pasur, rich,  të pasurit, pasanik,
rich,
bollëk, abundance, i lumtur, happy (Albanian)

aberatsa, rich, wealthy (Basque)


dives-vetis, rich, wealthy; rica-ae, a veil,
ops-opis, greatness, wealth, power, Ops, goddess of wealth, felix-icis, happy


saibhir, rich, raidhse, abundance, sásta, happy (Irish)
beairteach,  rich, pailteas, abundance, sona, happy (Scott)
cyfoethog, rich, wealthy, abl, adj. rich, well off, sufficient; aelaw, wealth, digonedd, abundance, hapus, happy (Welsh)
ricco, adj. rich, abbondanza, abundance, contento, happy (Italian)
riche, adj. rich,

abondance, abundance,  heureux, content, happy (French)

hapan, #hapan, wealth, bargain, to make a bargain (Palaic) sunatruant(i), rich in outpourings (Luvian)

hap, wealth,
#hap, wealth, bargain, to
make a bargain, hapina, hapinat,  wealth, rich, happines, to become rich, hapinah, to enrich, to become rich, happiness,
hapinant, rich, hapina, hapinat, wealth (Hittite)

rich, wealthy
[<OE
rice, rich], happy [<hap, Fortune, chance, an occurance, <ON happ],
abundance, [<Lat. abundare, to abound], 

8-2


ric, Script Z100, Z308, Z378, Z842, Z1352, Z1825, Z1787, Au28, Au74, Au102, AN20, N462, R31, L20, L44
rica, Script TC190 –see rica below

See also,
6-70:
op (VP) Script Q5, Q65, Q95, Q320, Q335, Q416, N31, R286, Aph29;

See also,
1-137:
AVERA (AVeRA),

Script H-3, L-5 AVERAS (A8ERaS), Script CCH-3,
AVeRaS (A8eRaS)
M24,  M74
AVEROM (A8ERVM) , Script N100,




pratyākhyāti, reject, śeṣaḥ, refuse, znath (znathiti), pierce, perforate, push back, repel,


rad kardan, رد کردن reject, to refuse (Persian)
უარი
თქვას, uari tkvas, reject (Georgian)

*mâzu, to refuse,
zakāpu, to reject, nasāk, reject, to be rejected, to annul an order, remove an inscription, tablet, to hurl, to shoot, cast aside, etc.. šalū, to reject, hurl weapons, shoot arrows, throw away etc.,