Indo-European Table with Sanskrit, Avestan, Slavic, Baltic, Greek, Latin, Tocharian, Anatolian, Gaelic, Latin, Italian, French & Etruscanbased on the Etruscan_Phrases vocabulary

07.14.2021 Etruscan Phrases Etruscan etymological relationships to other Indo-European languages; Proto-Indo-European (PIE) q324567890-



Indo-European Table 1, Part 4

 by Mel Copeland

(from a work published in 1981)

This table has Indo-European, Hurrian, Georgian (Kartlevian), Latvian (Baltic)  Finnish (Uralic) and Akkadian selections. We have colored words that may be related among the various languages/families. The coloring provides an unusual view of the mix of the cited languages.

Table 1, section 1A.2: Indo-European words as they relate to Etruscan. Notes: *Armenian W = West Armenian; E = East Armenian.


Avestan, Persian, Georgian, Hurrian, Akkadian

Slavic, Baltic, Romanian,

Greek, Armenian, Albanian, Basque




ācarati, to conduct oneself, karoti, to be in action, amati, appearance,
namarupa, name and form; tan, tanoti, tanute, extend, stretch,
spread, [pra], cause, produce, show, betray [vi] spread over, sacrifice, produce, effect, make, render

kardan, کردن, to do, make, perform, sxtan, ساختن, to make, build, compose, fashion,, etc. dorost kardan, درست کردن,  to make, form, concoct, doctor, etc.,  mde
kardan, to make; -ddan,
- دادن,  to make, frm, فرم,  form, appearance (Persian)
gaketeba, to make, კეთება, keteba, to do (Georgian)

tan-, to make, to do,
zad-(u-), to make, to do, to build, u/or- , to make, to work, du-, to make (Urartian)
naḫḫ-, to sit down, to set, to place, tān-, tan-, to make, to do (Hurrian)

epēu, to do or act, be active, proceed, to permit (said of gods), is, happens, to treat person or thing, build, construct, manufacture, to practice witchcraft, perform a divination, a ritual, to plant, to cultivate,
kikkiṭṭ, ritual act, ipu, act, deed, evil machination, witchcraft, work, etc., epitu, act, ritual, manufacture, evil magic, crew, construction, etc.,
 akānu, to make appear as, to establish, cause, cause an event, process, to outfit, etc.(Akkadian)

рабіць rabić, to make (Belarusian)

kstalt  shape, form (Belarus)
načiniti, to make, to do (Croatian)
forma, formowac
robić, to make, to do, work, act (Polish)
vidas, shape, form; seget, to do (Baltic
taisīt, to make, darīt, to do, padarit, to make (Latvian)
a face, to make, do, FAC, I make, do; FACĂ, he/she makes, does; FACI, you make, do;
FACUI, you made, did; FĂCĂTOR, maker (Romanian)
tehd, to make (Finnish-Uralic)

να κάνω, na kno, to make, do, με αιτία, me aita, with a cause,Greek)
anel, to make, do (Armenian)
pr t br, to make, do,   te krijosh, to create, t prodhosh, to produce;

egin, to do, make, commit (Basque)

facio, facere, feci,
factum, faciebam, 1st pers. imper.; Ital. facevo)

Dan, to make (Irish)
Gus a dhanamh, to make (Scott)
i wneud,
(gwneuthur) to
do, make, manufacture,
ffurfio, to form, construct; llunio, to form, shape, fashion,
model, mold, frame,
construct, fabricate,

achos, to cause (Welsh) fare, facevo, to make (Italian)
faire, to make, to do (French)

ober, to make (Breton)

બનાવવા માટે,
Banāvavā māṭē, to make (Gujarati)
yapmak, to make, to do, to have (Turkish)

жасау, jasaw, to make (Kazakh)
qilmok, to make, to do (Uzbek)
сохтан, soxtan, to make, to do (Tajik)
жасоо, jasoo, to make (Kyrgyz)

хийх, khiikh, to make, to do (Mongolian)

使, Shǐ, to make,  to do (Traditional Chinese)

i, to do (Lydian)
3rd adi, 3rd pl aiti, 1st pret. axa/ax, 3rd pret. ade/ad, 3rd pl. pret. ait; iter. 3rd astti, 3rd pret. astte; inf. asne, to do (Lycian)

aia, ai,
ie/a, # aia, ai , iya->,  taks, to make, iya-> do, make,  iya-, (D) to do, to realize, to father, to celebrate, to heal with a ritual,  anniya-, to do work, #annijazi, he makes, he does, taks, to make, kisari, one can do, u(a)lkissarahh, to make perfectly, issa/iss, to make, issa-, essa-, to do, realize, essa-, to do, create, produce, realize, to celebrate a feast, to liquidate, to assassinate, K.BABBAR-ya iya-, to make silver, make a fortune, dusdusa, to make known, huinu-, to cause   (Hittite)

to make [<OE.
macian], form,
[<Lat. forma], do [<OE don],
sacrifice, help, create, bear, [<OE. beran],
produce, arrange, fit


fac, Script Z21, Z35, Z412, Z439, Z551, Z614, Z629, Z727, Z779, Z834, Z842, Z1146, Z1337, Z1352, Z1386, Z1674, AN48
faca, Script Au90
facbo (FAC8V) Script CP-51

fai, Script Au71

fak, Script Z272;
FAKeR, Script
Z656, K-6,

See also,
3-107, "to cause, produce, do,"

sukaraḥ, facile, easy sn, آسان, easy, facile, simple, soft (Persian)

advilia, easy to do (Georgian)
лёгка зрабіць,
liohka zrabić, easy to do (Belarusian)
jednostavno za napraviti, easy to do (Croatian)
viegli izdarāms, (viegli, easy) easy to do (Latvian)
usor de facut, easy to do,  (Romanian)
εύκολο να το κάνεις, fkolo na to kneis, easy to do (Greek)
հեշտ է անել,
hesht e anel, easy to do (Armenian)
leht pr t br, easy to do (Albanian)

erraz egiteko, easy to do (Basque)
facilis-e asca le danamh, easy to do (Irish)
furasta a dhanamh, easy to do (Scott)
hawdd i'w wneud, easy to do (Welsh)
facile da fare, easy to do (Italian)
facile faire, easy todo (French)

સરળ, Saraḷa, easy (Gujarati)
kolay, easy, simple (Turkish)

оңай, oay, easy (Kazakh)
oson, easy (Uzbek)

осон, oson, easy (Tajik)

оңой, oŋoy, easy (Kyrgyz)

хялбар, khyalbar, easy (Mongolian)

簡單, Jiǎndān, easy (Traditional Chinese)
easy to manage, easy to do,  convienient, favorable


at, atati, -te, to walk about, wander, run;
bhram, bhramati, to wander, stroll, go through, err, perambulate

sargardn budan,
گشتن to wander, ramble, qalat, error (Persian)
ikheven, to wander (Georgian)

dlu, to wander aimlessly,
to prowl, wander about in despair, move unnaturally, move with indifference, muam, adj., wandering at night, wakeful (Akkadian)

гэта Прагуляйцеся,
heta Prahuliajciesia, to wander (Belarusian)
lutati, to wander (Croatian)
klaiņot, to wander (Latvian)
să rătăcească, to wander (Romanian)
vaeltaa, to wander (Finnish-Uralic)

να περιπλανηθούμε,
na periplanithome to wander (Greek)
taparrel, to wander (Armenian)
pr t endur, to wander, 

t endesh, to wander (Albanian)

ibiltzea, to wander (Basque)

vagor-ari, to wander;
vagio-ire, to whimper
facio, facere, feci,
, to make, form, do, perform, cause, appoint, change

chun wander, to wander (Irish)
gus a dhol fodha, to wander (Scott)
crwydro, to wander,
vagare, to wander, fare, |to make, do, perform (Italian)
errer, s'agarer,
divaguer, to wander,
faire, to make, do,
perform (French)

Bhaṭakavuṁ, to wander (Gujarati)

dolaşmak, to wander, walk around (Turkish)
кезу, kezw, to wander (Kazakh)

kezmoq, to wander (Uzbek)

саргардон шудан,
sargardon şudan, to wander (Tajik)

тентип кетүү,
tentip ket, to wander (Kyrgyz)

tenchlekh, to wander (Mongolian)
徘徊, Pihui, to wander, 漫步, Mnb, to wander, roam, ramble (Traditional Chinese)


to wander [<OE
wandrian], ramble, rove? whimper? to make, form, do?


fak, Script Z272
FAKeR, Script
Z656, K6; see
(probably the verb facio, facere)

āsavaḥ, wine, malam, dregs

arb, شراب wine, dard, درد lees, dregs, (Persian)


ghvinis, wine, ცხიმოვანი ნარჩენები, tskhimovani narchenebi, dregs (Georgian)

minduḫru, dregs, residue,